How to promote your book without spending money?

Literature

How to judge your writing skill or content of your book without paying reviewers?

 

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After working so hard on a book what you have to do is to find a reviewer (blogger or booktuber) to review your book. But there so many obstacles to get a true review & constructive criticism of your work —-

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While searching reviewers on internet, definitely you will choose someone else who’s in the top of your search result. Visiting their blog or vlog  surfing it with half an hour, you’ll get to find out that you have to pay lots money to make them review your book and also have to send a review copy (some of them don’t accept softcopy) if and only if they accept your request.

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I’m not saying people shouldn’t get paid for their review (as some of the review copy are utterly disgusting and not really worthy to spend that much time if its not paid) but the problem is famous reviewers don’t accept much request as they’re so busy even you have agreed to pay them also payment doesn’t affect their review.

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Eventually you have to find someone else. That someone else will say good words for your book as long as you pay them sometimes after having a fast read. Which is utterly disgusting. Let’s consider, a good number of copies of your book got sold after that virtually good review but it doesn’t change the fact that the content of your book isn’t good. Readers will eventually find out that this book is such a wastage of money (considering your book isn’t good), they won’t be any of your book further.

Its very difficult and important to get a proper judgment of your book.

 

 

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Consider, you’ve gone to a quiz contest and you need to answer your last question correctly but you don’t know the answer, you also can’t take a risk, otherwise you’ll lose. You’ve given two options to answer your question correctly ——

i) call someone else

OR

ii) ask the audience to a have stat

 

What will you choose?

(Answer yourself or let me know & then read further)

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I think you guys choose the second option over first one to call someone else in particular. The same goes here.

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Why asking someone or a few to review your work, where there is very possibility that they don’t judge it from neutral point of view, why not asking beautiful readers who are born to be readers. All readers who roam different websites and apps, all day long, to read more stories and get to access translated novels. They can judge you neutrally & give their precious opinion.

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To get in touch, I think you should open your account on WATTPAD (maybe there’s also many other famous portals out there) post your stories for free.

Believe me people will read you & there are so many people (millions) of people there who only open their account to read books solely, including me obviously. If you’re good enough you can get few millions of read on your story.

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If you find out people are not enjoying you as much as you expected then you can improve yourself too,on your next work. All of these you can do for free.

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Moreover, you don’t have spend money to get your worst book to be printed and sent them to Amazon, eventually no one will buy it (such a wastage of money). You printed them because you wasn’t sure about it and you’re taking a big risk too. But after posting your writing, letting people judge it, you’ll understand eventually you’re good enough or not. People also do great constructive criticism which will help you a lot.

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After being assured that you’re good enough or more than that, then you can print your copy without taking a risk, also left there a link from where they can buy it. You’ll also get paid from ads too after get featured obviously.

 

If you believe yourself and you possess talents world will appreciate you eventually.

You just need to be patient about it.

 

Thank you!

Was it helpful to you guys?

Let me know you opinion …..

Also read, why do we read books?

&      history of YA genre

 

 

My space within this post :

Today’s realization ::

“Being critic is easy, but if critic tries to run the operation, he soon understands that nothing is as easy as his criticism”.

Goodbye

Take care of your friends and family.

Raphiae

 

Connection babe

WATTPAD  |  INSTAGRAM

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History of ‘ young adults ‘ genre

Literature

History of “YA genre”

 

 Question:

It wasn’t the legendary critics who defined  the new category of fiction as “YA”. Then  whom?

 

 

Books are ultimate Dumpies

Inborn ‘bookworm’ & trying to be a ‘book-dragon’

There is quite a few people say that, bookworms are instinct. Millennium after millennium, younger generation are actually more well read in average than earlier generation & also read more books per year, believe it or not. And the stories we read are the stories of our own lives, that doesn’t depend on what the age of protagonist is or whether not the book was shelved in a section marketed towards that age unless and until the story has a power to pluck a string of our heart.

Which book spoke to your heart?

Which book spoke to your heart?

While drowning in literature you will find ‘YA literature’ as a big name, whose meaning had varied widely over the years, it can apply to serialized adventure of babysitters, coming age tragedies, but the question arises ——


Where did ‘YA genre’ come from? How did it get so big?

 

Narratives for children have existed since people started telling stories. A designated literary market for that mysterious period of human life known as teenager when people struggles to understand the world, how they fit into it, what they are doing, what they’re going to do, is somewhat new and to be fair teenagers weren’t a designated demographic in most respects until around Second World War. Due to in part of advances in psychology and sociological changes like abolishment of child labor and even technological advances but suddenly teenagers are here and with them come a plethora of shiny new things marketed to them like clothes, music and of course the novels.

 

 In 1942, Maureen Daly herself only 17 years old publishedMaureen Daly's "Seventeenth Summer"

Maureen Daly’s “Seventeenth Summer”

“The Seventeenth Summer” which somewhat called the first YA novel. This book featured plot point and theme particularly to the teens focusing underage drinking, driving and dating.

 

But it wasn’t the great literary critics of that time like “Team Jacob” or “Team Edward”, who defined the new category of fiction, it was One of the pioneers of  YA genre: Caroll Moore

One of the pioneers of  YA genre: Caroll Moore

librarians, in particular librarians from New York public library. Starting 1906, Caroll Moore built a sort of “League of Extraordinary librarians” and women who were not only interested in keeping the nascent adolescent audience in libraries but also finding out what made them tick.

 

Another librarian brought on by more, Mabel Williams League of extraordinary Librarians

“League of extraordinary Librarians”

began working with her peers to find books in both children’s & adult section, that might be able to interest to teens.

 

And in 1929, the first annual NYPL book for young people list was sent to schools and libraries across the country. In 1994, another NYPL librarian, Margaret Scoggin, changed the name for her journal from

“the books for young boys and girls”

to

“books for young adults”

and the genre was christened with the name “young adults” has lasted to these days.

 

While the YA genre has already been laying down its roots Plot of YA genre at that time (more or less)

Plot of YA books at that time (more or less)

for decade at the point most of the YA fiction is intended to feature the general platform pointing in girls and boys relationship who are dating each other.

 

But in 60’s, young people started to see more contemplation of what it is just to teenagers. Hugely noteworthy from this era S.E Hinton’s “The Outsiders” published in 1967.Meanders of YA genre

Meanders of YA genre

At first this book is failed in adult paperback market but the publishers noticed that it was mostly being purchased by teens and then it is marketed to them to explore deeper subjects assuring the novels like “Are you there God? It’s me Margaret” and “The Chocolate War” in 1970 and 1974 respectively.

 

 During the 80’s and 90’s, however YA started skewing         towards serialized fiction, horror forms likeYA books 

YA books

R.L Stine’s “Goosebumps” (1992), school centric fiction like “Sweet valley high” (1983), “Babysitters club” (1986) & genre fiction like “Animorphs” series (1996).

 

 So while YA fiction was plenty lucrative, it wasn’t really respected by the people outside it is targeted readership But then everything has changed by a boy wizard in 1997, publishes Harry Potter, published  Our Potter

Our Potter

by Bloomsbury publication. Inspire of being the genre fiction Harry Potter manages to resound not only with the YA audience but it also takes into a large adult market. Harry Potter as a character also grows with his readers starting out from 11 years old and ending at 17 and the tone of the series mature as well and sometimes a way longer as an adult fiction.

Harry Potter also opens the for a wide variety of darker genre based on YA novels like, “The Hunger Games” (2008), “Twilight” (2005), “Divergent” (2011), “The Maze Runner” (2009) & “The lightning Thief” (2008)  that can appeal to an audience beyond Potter as a Pioneer

Potter as a Pioneer

teens and possibly get optioned for a multiple million dollar movie franchises.

               

Twilight for instance came a boom in the YA sub genre ofYA subgenres

YA subgenres

‘paranormal romance’. Then “The Hunger Games” popularized the sub genre of YA ‘distopia’.

 

 This things came and went really well and now genre fiction is popular in YA but the trend cycled back to discussing relevant YA massive hits

YA massive hits

social issues. John Green’s “The fault in our stars” was a massive hit that dealt with two kids who fell in love while dying in cancer. Another YA book was Angie Thomas’s “The hate you give” which was partially inspired by Black Lives Movement “, so it’s really reductive to be dismissed of young adults literature.

 

First of all its not just in giver, YA is remarkable of its world wide appeal. 55% of ” Young Adults” books are purchased by adults between 18 – 44. And 78% of them are purchased to read themselves. Its also remarkable to see the emergence of genre pioneer women authors like Maureen Daly, J.K Rowling & Angie Thomas and the librarians like Caroll Moore, Mabel Williams & Margaret Scoggins.

YA literature helps its adult audience to understand the complex world between the childhood and adulthood,Adolescent books

YA for better understanding adolescent period

also makes easier for adults to discuss adolescent problem with their kids without embarrassing them.

 

 

So,

Why do you love YA? What is your fave YA book?

 

Thank you so much,

Was it helpful for better understanding of our fave genre?

Let me know, your opinion….

Also read, why do we read book?

 

 

My space on this post:

 

Today’s Realization ::: “Honor your parents”

Goodbye!

Take care of your family and yourself too.

Raphiae

Connection babe

WATTPAD   |   INSTAGRAM

What is “reading a book”?

Literature

Why do we read books?


Reading a book to me is manifestation of soul and its a leap of faith. You’re consciously deciding to supersede your earthly presence and extremities to let your soul to explore & understand the world from different perspective and expecting to come in possession of intriguing or thought-provoking something. Sometime, just to roam around or surpass this three-dimensional world, become a creature of multiple dimension.

 

What reading a book truly is?

Synonym of ‘silent reader’ is ‘good listener’

 

Books ‘keep us away’ from reality is true but there is very deep hidden meaning behind the word ‘keep away’. Books keep us away from reality for a time being, after that time comes to end, they let us face the stark naked reality as they’re confident on what they taught us on that time period & believe that we can give a good fight to any hellish situation.

 

 

What reading a book truly is?

What is your fave book? Have you find that yet?

 

I can we are walking in the different aisle of a library of humankind and ultimately we are gonna meet at counter obviously or sometimes not. It doesn’t signify were alone or isolated. Books connect us to our sorrow, happiness and difficulties. All we just have to pick up right book for right situation.

 

Neil Gailman says,

                    “Stories you read when you’re at right age, never quite leave you”.

 

While choosing a book you’re confronted with infinite number of possibilities, where you could pick any book and love. Because the truth is, no matter how you’re sad, you’re never going to read all the books of the world. But choosing a right book is utterly difficult thing to do.

Shannon Hale once said,

                    “I thought only book I could read as an adult written by dead people, that would be awesome though they are actually written by dead people.”

 

While roaming through the world of books and in the spell of soul refreshing smell of books you can often find some bookmarks telling you old literature are better than new ones, tragedy is always more beneficial to people over comedy. I think this such a strange hierarchy, even for fiction and non fiction, illustrated or non illustrated. I think these are just arbitrary designation for literature, all we just look for quality stories that will speak to us and can be also transformative. Also helps us configure the problem and gives us a mental pleasure most importantly so that we can reach a mental equilibrium state.

 

Joseph Campbell talks about it,

                           ” The black moment is the moment when the real message of transformation is going to come. At the darkest moment comes the light.”

 

 

Inspiration to read a book

What book brought magic to your life?

 

Books gives us a magical portal to connect with the people of the whole world even from the past. Two years ago, I became severe I’ll before my final exam of my course, I was hospitalized over a months so naturally I didn’t able to take part on exam. I was shattered at that time, I didn’t know what to do? Then books helped me, gave me courage to be able to stand up again and gave me purpose of my again.

 

 

Inspiration to read a book

Preparing to be united 

 

Now, I’m started to fight for my dream again. Even your doesn’t comes true at the end of the day  it doesn’t matter greatly over your life.

 

Lisa Bu said on this matter,

                    “I’ve come to belief that dreams coming true isn’t only purpose of a dream, it’s most important to get in touch with where dreams come from, where the passions come from, where happiness come from. Even a shattered dream can do that for you. Most important thing is to living with a purpose and clarity.”

 

You guys can ask me, why I’m only saying books are with us when we are on difficulties? I know they are with us on happiness too to triple our giggles. They bring happiness with their arrival with the message from arriving early from Amazon. Don’t they?

 

Inspiration to read a book

 Connection without internet (soul to soul)

 

And the tragedy is after buying books with all the pocket money for 4 months you came realize that you can never have enough books. This is something to cry about.

Oh! Don’t take me seriously. I’m kidding.

 

 

Inspiration to read a book

Let’s roam the whole universe

 

All I just hope, books can always be with us.

 

Thank you !

Raphiae

My space in this post :

 

Today’s realization ::: “Whatever be the situation just               don’t give up”.

Also read, my post ….

Connection babe

WATTPAD   |    INSTAGRAM

The Photoelectric Effect

Science

The Photoelectric Effect : Dawn of Quantum Mechanics

 

 

 Why kinetic energy of the ejected electrons dependent upon frequency of the incident radiation not on intensity?

 * Why electrons are ejected immediately from the metal surface providing frequency is above threshold?

        This above two questions emphasize the drawbacks of Classical Mechanics. Those had to be answered the observation of the experiment called “The Photoelectric Effect” and this was a huge challenge for the scientists of that time.

 

     

The energy of ejected electrons are dependent on the frequency of the incident radiation

The Photoelectric Effect

 

 

 

Experiment :     

                            If a beam of light falls on a clean metal plate in vacuum, the plate emits electrons. This experiment is done by Hertz in 1887, had been thoroughly investigated, known as Photoelectric Effect. But the theoretical explanation is given by Albert Einstein.

Performance of experiment of Photoelectric Effect

Experimental orientation of Photoelectric Effect

 

Observation of the experiment :

                            i) No electrons are ejected, regardless of the intensity of the incident radiation (light), unless its frequency exceeds a threshold value which is characteristics of the metal solely.

                            ii) The kinetic energy of the ejected is linearly proportional to the frequency of the incident radiation but independent of it’s intensity.

                            iii) Even for the low intensity of light, electrons are ejected immediately if the frequency is above threshold

 

Failure of Classical Mechanics :

                             According to the classical mechanics, electromagnetic field (considering light as a electromagnetic wave) is oscillation of a electric field perpendicular to the direction of magnetic field, and the intensity of the radiation is proportional to the square of its amplitude of the electric  field. Classically, energy should be absorbed by the metal plate continuously. As the intensity increases, so does the amplitude of the oscillating field and as the intensity (amplitude) increases, the electrons oscillate more violently, eventually break away, (electrons are bound to the metal surface by potential energy) from the surface of the metal after absorption of incident radiation. So it can be predicted that for weak intensity of light, after the onset of illumination a long period of time should intervene before any electron of metal surface could soak up enough energy to be kicked out of metal. After this time period many electrons should be energetic enough to escape and a steady current should flow then on. Increasing intensity should lessen the time period.

                              This nice classical picture is in complete disagreement with experimental observation.

 

Explanation :

                         From the  classical point of view, we believe that  energy of the incident radiation or beam of light is absorbed continuously by the metal and divided among all the electrons in the plate, each electron receives a tiny part of total. In 1905, Sir Albert Einstein took a different view of the problem and said, that the observation strongly suggests the photoelectric effect depend on electrons being ejected if it is involved in a collision of particle like projectile carrying enough energy to knock it out of the metal. If we suppose that the projectile is a photon of energy h√, where √ is the frequency of radiation.

   Using conservation of energy,

                    (the kinetic energy of an electron)=

(energy of the incident photon) – (minimum energy required to remove an electron from the surface of a particular metal (w)

Therefore,

  Kinetic Energy(K.E) = (1/2)mv² =h√ – w                     (1)

                w = work function of a metal, is analogous to an ionization energy of an isolated atom, i.e. the energy required to remove an electron

                   If h√ < w , 

photoejection can’t occur because the photon brings insufficient energy; that is the account for observation (i).

This expression (1), predict s that the kinetic energy of an ejected electron should be proportional to the frequency in the agreement with observation (ii).

It therefore provides another route to the measurement of h, since, a plot of K.E vs √ photoelectron should give a straight line of slope h.

Graph kinetic energy vs frequency

Graph of kinetic energy vs frequency

 

When a photon collide with an electron, it should give all of its energy, and so we should expect electrons to appear as soon as the collision begin, provided they have sufficient energy; this agrees with observation (iii).

  Left hand side of the equation (1), can’t be negative, so equation predicts that h√ >= w. The minimum frequency that will eject electron is just the frequency required to overcome the work function of the metal, so the threshold frequency is given by——

                                               h√° = w                                     (2)

Using equation (1) & (2) we can write———-

               K.E =   h√ – h√°            Where,  √ >= √°.                (3)

       

Threshold Energy &Threshold Frequency :

        Threshold Energy or Work Function is the measure of energy required to break free the loosely bound electrons from the metal surface, it practically analogous to ionisation energy of the metal atom. As expected, measure of  Threshold Energy solely depends on that particular metal (ionisation energy depends on the nature of attraction between valence electron and nucleus).

According to Planck’s Hypothesis,

   E = h√ ;        where, √ = frequency

Therefore,

w= h√°

√° = the minimum frequency required to overcome the Work Function is known as Threshold Frequency.

 

Source :

1. Physical Chemistry by McQuarrie & Simon

2. Physical Chemistry by P.W. Castellan

3. Physical Chemistry by Levine

4.  Physical Chemistry by Atkins

PDF of these that I’ve mentioned are not available or maybe I’m incapable to find them but those are readily available on Amazon if you wanna purchase them, links are down below:

Physical Chemistry by McQuarrie & Simon

Physical Chemistry by P.W. Castellan

Physical Chemistry by Levine

  Physical Chemistry by Atkins

5. Quantum Physics by Resnick & Eisberg

   I can’t able to find the link to download the PDF though I do have a PDF of this book. But I can’t able to find now, I have no idea where did I downloaded at that time. But you can read it online by clicking on the link :

Quantum Physics by Resnick & Eisberg